Hisw2dis | Computer Science homework help

Instructional/Lecture Outline & Notes

The earliest civilizations of the Mediterranean world that have left significant archaeological remains or written records originated in the Eastern Mediterranean basin and the Aegean Isles (Greek Isles).  The earliest civilizations began on the Island of Crete around 3,000 BC and were called the Minoans, named after the legendary King Minos from classical Greek mythology.  Alas the Minoans wrote in a primitive Greek called Linear A, which has to date not been deciphered and therefore all we know about this bronze age culture is what archaeology can tell.  Some scholars have theorized that when Plato wrote of the Isle of Atlantis, he was recalling the Minoan civilization with added legendary material formed over the years.  The Minoans were a sea going people, who established a strong maritime culture founded upon overseas trade and commerce.  Some have theorized that the Minoans were a matriarchal culture, as they did not construct walled cities or revere warrior cultures, much like the civilizations of the Indus valley.  After a short period of decline, this civilization suddenly collapsed between 1,200 and 1,000 BC.  This was part of the massive event known as the bronze age crisis, which scholars have theorized began at least partly from the eruption of the super-volcano at the Island of Santorini.  This event triggered massive agricultural failures and led to the collapse of centralized authority throughout the ancient world, but it especially affected the bronze age cultures of the Mediterranean basin. 


Along with the Minoans, the Mycenean Greeks were part of the Indo-European migrations that populated much of the Mediterranean and European world.  They also developed a large and thriving maritime culture, but expanded and colonized many regions along the northern Mediterranean coastline, including Italy.  These people created a unique culture that is traditionally date to around 1,600 BC and built colossal fortifications called Cyclopean, named after the legendary giants in Greek myth called the Cyclops, as later Greeks believed that only giants could have constructed such things.  Mycenean culture revered warriors and was highly patriarchal.  The semi-legendary account of the Trojan war written by the poet Homer, entitled 
The Iliadtells the tale of Greeks from Mycenae and elsewhere, who went to fight against their rivals the Trojans from Anatolia (modern day Turkey), whose prince Paris had stolen away the wife of a Greek king, Helen.  This war lasted ten years and eventually led to the destruction of Troy through Greek deception via the Trojan horse.  While much of the tale is legend, it recounts many key aspects of Mycenean culture and customs, which revered warfare, courage, and honor.  Mycenean trade and colonization slowly ebbed as the northern Greek cities, such as Athens and Corinth came to dominate the region after the Bronze Age Crisis.  The Nostoi, or the tales of the return of the soldiers from Troy almost universally preserve a memory of a terrible situation discovered when the Greeks returned home.  Often their homes had been conquered or taken over by brigands.  These tales may preserve a kernel of historical truth about the fate of Minoan and Mycenean civilization, as a mysterious group of people called the Dorians (named after their pottery as they had no writing) seem to have become the dominant culture for a time after the crisis. Scholars have theorized that they could have been a external enemy migrating or taking advantage of weak central governments or the servile population that rose up against their masters and took control for a time.  It remains unclear who these people were and where they came from.  There were also the mysterious sea people who attacked Egypt around this same time and likely settled near the region of Canaan.


The Phoenicians, who were the original Canaanites (present day Israel) were also revered traders in the ancient world, who shipped Egyptian grain and other goods throughout the Ancient Near East.  They were also the greatest colonizers, setting up trading posts along the north African coast and as far west as present day Spain.  Phoenicians were particularly renowned for their purple dye, made from a mollusk found only in a few of their harbors in Tyre and Sidon.  These people also developed the first alphabetic language around 1,400 BC, which differed radically from previous pictographic languages, such as Egyptian hieroglyphics.  The Phoenicians were great trading rivals with the Minoan and Mycenean Greeks, with the Phoenicians eventually dominating the southern Mediterranean and the Greeks in the north.


The ancient Israelites, beginning around 1,400 BC pushed the Canaanites out of their original homeland in Palestine, and were forced into their northern costal cities that became Phoenicia.  The legendary accounts of Israel are preserved in the Torah or books of Moses.  These tell the story of the Hebrews (Israelites), who were slaves for 400 years in Egypt, only to be liberated with the help of their powerful God and Moses.  They moved into the land of Canaan, which their God had promised their ancestors, who had immigrated to the region from Mesopotamia many centuries before.  This story, likely preserves the memory of the expulsion of the Hyksos, who were a Semitic people that ruled over Egypt for a time and were eventually expelled by the native Egyptians.  The Israelites came together from two kingdoms of Israel in the north and Judea in the south, each made up of 12 tribal, regional groups.  This is called the united monarchy period.  The greatest king was David and then his son Solomon, who together built the great temple in Jerusalem.  This temple was dedicated to the Hebrew God Yahweh (it is deeply offensive to Orthodox Jews to pronounce this proper name of God), which stood as the center of Jewish culture until the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar destroyed it along with the entire city in 586 BC and deported many of the people to southern Mesopotamia, where they remained until the Persian King, Cyrus the Great allowed them to return home and rebuild Jerusalem and the temple.  Jewish religion is nearly unique in the ancient world, as it was monotheistic, meaning the worship of only one God.  Other cultures worshiped many gods and no god or gods were all powerful or all knowing in the same capacity as the Jewish conception of God.  The Jewish faith proved the foundation for later Christianity and Islam that forever shaped the regions of the Ancient Near East, the West, and beyond down to the present day.


The Book of Genesis, which is the first of the books of Moses or Torah or Christian Old Testament, recount the legendary origins of human kind, the immigration of the Patriarch Abraham to Canaan, and the Flood of Noah.  Noah and his family were found by the Hebrew god to be virtuous, unlike everyone else in the world.  Therefore, like the gods in the Epic of Gilgamesh, God destroys the world and only Noah and his family along with many animals were preserved because of their virtuous lifestyle.  This flood myth has many similarities with that of Gilgamesh, but also some unique aspects.  Compare and contrast these two accounts.

Instructional/Lecture Outline & Notes

The Celts are a famous iron age cultural-linguistic group that spread throughout northern Europe from the Hallstatt region of present day Austria around 1,000 BC.  Before the Celts, Stone age Indo-European people populated Europe and are known as the Beaker people.  This is because of the common beakers or pottery found in archaeological excavations.  The Beaker people built many megalithic (big stone) structures, such as Stonehenge, which might have been a calendar, religious temple, or cultural site.  All hinge means is circle – so any ritual monument in a circle irrelevant of material can be described as a hinge.  While being a Stone Age culture, these people were highly sophisticated and capable of making precise astrological calculations and building massive structures based upon mathematical formulas.  Nevertheless, the Celts with their superior bronze and iron weapons pushed out and dominated the previous stone using people. 


The Celts were not a singular culture, but made up of many tribes with each having its own unique customs. Rather, Celtic is a linguistic, not a cultural group.  They never developed any writing, like the Beaker people, so all we can judge them by is archaeology and what other cultures, such as the Romans, said about them.  Celts never developed urban centers, but remained a rural people depending on minimal agricultural and pastoralism.  They were fierce warriors and even conquered the city of Rome in 390 BC.  Eventually, the Romans conquered all the Celtic regions except for the mountainous regions of the British Isles, where they survived in the Scottish Highlands, northern Wales, and Ireland, where their ancestors remain to this day.  Their spirituality stressed the importance of pantheism or that all people are connected to the great mother earth, even the human soul is part of this living essence of the earth.  Celtic myth, such as the Cattle Raid of Cooley, emphasized the critical importance of cattle and their value to the society. 


Calculate the price of your order

Choose an academic level, add pages, and the paper type you want.
To reduce the cost of our essay writing services, select the lengthier deadline.
We can't believe we just said that to you.

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more

Why is Purdue Papers the Most Helpful Essay Writing Service for You?

  1. Custom-written and plagiarism-free papers: Our authors create their work from scratch. Before presenting them to clients, we routinely verify them for signs of plagiarism. Our quality assurance group also double-checks and fixes any grammatical errors, assuring that all of our authors adhere to the same standards of writing.
  2. The significance of timely delivery cannot be overstated, and we consistently strive to meet or exceed our clients' deadlines. Regardless of the short time frame, you can count on our writers to get the job done. We always have a team of writers ready to go, even if the deadline is only six hours away.
  3. Customer Satisfaction: Our customer service representatives are the best in the business and have a wealth of knowledge in dealing with clients. All our customer service representatives are trained to listen and reply promptly until you are satisfied with their service. To ensure you're happy, our expert writers will strictly follow the criteria to generate a special report. Our customer service may be contacted by chat, email, or phone. In addition, we provide round-the-clock assistance to all of our clients.
  4. Confidentiality: Our systems are safe, and your information is always protected. We're constantly looking for new facts when it comes to finishing your work. We use a safe and secure payment channel. Since our ordering process is completely anonymous, you don't have to provide any credit card information to place a purchase with us.
  5. Highly Trained Authors: Our writers have received extensive training and are committed to delivering only the best papers. They are fluent in APA, MLA, HARVARD, IEEE, CHICAGO, and AMA referencing styles. To meet your expectations, our skilled writers always pay close attention to your instructions.
  6. Lowered prices: We have set prices that are already discounted. Our prices are the best and affordable for all our esteemed customers.

Let Professionals Take Care of your Academic Paper